A term used to refer to movements that attempt to apply Marxist ideas to African conditions. It is also used to refer to the ideology of Afro-Marxists and Afro-Marxist regimes. Afro-Marxism is particularly influenced by MarxismLeninism, although in adapting to African conditions it departs from various aspects of the Soviet model of socialism. The typical features of Afro-Marxism are a stress on ideology, a central role for the party as a vanguard party, and a central role for the state particularly in the economic sphere where there is a commitment to a centrally planned economy. Angola, Mozambique, Ethiopia, Benin and Congo might all be termed Afro-Marxist regimes, and Samora Machel and Haile Mengistu might be seen as examples of Afro-Marxists.

Historical dictionary of Marxism. . 2014.

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